The Department of Urology is devoted to clinical excellence in urology care. A patient is extremely important in making informed decisions about healthcare and their urology treatment options.

We are available for support throughout each step of the process from diagnosing urology disorders to performing urology treatments and procedures. Our multidisciplinary urological team of physicians, nurses, and support staff is dedicated to work for the best interest of our urology patients.

Conditions Treated

kidney stones: A kidney stone is a small stone, usually made up of calcium crystals, that forms inside the part of the kidney where urine collects. It causes an obstruction, preventing urine from draining out of the kidney and often causing severe pain.

There are different terms for kidney stones depending upon where they are located within the urinary tract:

  • Urolith: A stone anywhere within the urinary tract
  • Nephrolith: A stone within the kidney
  • Ureterolith: A stone within the ureter
  • Calculus: A stone within the body

What causes kidney stones?

It isn’t exactly clear what causes kidney stones to form in some people and not others. Usually it requires concentrated urine that allows minerals like calcium to come in close contact with each other.
Changes in the acid-base balance (pH) of the urine, how concentrated it is, and the concentration of minerals and chemicals within the urine are all factors that can begin the formation of a stone.


Pain from a kidney stone can be excruciating, particularly as the stone is passing through the ureter. The pain often begins in the back or flank of the side of the low back. It may radiate to the front of the abdomen and, in males, may cause testicular or scrotal pain. There can be associated nausea, vomiting, and sweating.

Sometimes, there can be blood visible in the urine as the kidney stone passes and irritates the lining of the urinary tract. Most often, the urine is clear to the naked eye and red blood cells are only visible in the urine when it is analyzed under the microscope.

Urinary tract infection (UTI): Most urinary tract infections are bladder infections. A bladder infection usually is not serious if it is treated right away. If you do not take care of a bladder infection, it can spread to your kidneys. A kidney infection is serious and can cause permanent damage.

Women tend to get more bladder infections than men. This is probably because women have shorter urethras, so it is easier for the germs to move up to their bladders. Having sex can make it easier for germs to get into a woman’s urethra.

You may be more likely to get an infection if you have diabetes or you are pregnant. The chance that you will get a bladder infection is higher if you have any problem that blocks the flow of urine from your bladder. Examples include having kidney stones or an enlarged prostate gland.

You may have an infection if you have any of these symptoms:

  • You feel pain or burning when you urinate.
  • You feel like you have to urinate often, but not much urine comes out when you do.
  • You have pain in your lower belly.
  • Your urine is cloudy, looks pink or red, or smells bad.
  • You have pain on one side of your back under your ribs. This is where your kidneys are.
  • You have fever and chills.
  • You have nausea and vomiting.

Circumcision: Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis. The foreskin is a fold of skin that covers the tip of the penis (called the glans).

The surgery involves one of various ring-like clamps that are tightened over the foreskin. The foreskin is then removed with a scalpel or scissors.

Urinary incontinence (bedwetting): Urinary incontinence is a loss of control of the bladder. In some cases, it may result in a total loss of the bladder’s contents or it may just cause minor leakage. The condition may be temporary or chronic, depending on its cause.

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

  • Night Terrors
  • Stress And Anxiety
  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Bladder Infection
  • Constipation
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Caffeine Overdose

Hernia (umbilical or inguinal): A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall.

Hernias are most common in the abdomen. However, they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin regions.

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. A hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time, depending on its cause.

Common causes of muscle weakness include:

  • failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb (congenital defect)
  • age
  • chronic coughing
  • damage from injury or surgery

Factors that strain your body and may cause a hernia (especially if your muscles are weak) include:

  • being pregnant (puts pressure on your abdomen)
  • being constipated (causes you to strain when having a bowel movement)
  • heavy weight lifting
  • fluid in the abdomen (ascites)
  • suddenly gaining weight
  • persistent coughing or sneezing

Common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:

  • pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually the lower abdomen), especially when bending over, coughing, or lifting
  • weakness, pressure, or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen
  • a burning, gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the bulge
  • acid reflux (when stomach acid moves backwards into the esophagus causing a burning sensation)
  • chest pain
  • difficulty swallowing

Hydrocele:A hydrocele is a painless buildup of watery fluid around one or both testicles that causes the scrotum or groin area to swell. This swelling may be unsightly and uncomfortable, but it usually is not painful and generally is not dangerous. Although hydroceles are common in newborns, they can also occur at any age in later life.

The cause of most hydroceles is unknown.Hydroceles in newborns may mean there is an opening between the abdomen and the scrotum. Normally such openings close before birth or shortly after.
Often a hydrocele does not cause symptoms. You may notice enlargement of your scrotum. Symptoms, when present, can include pain, swelling, or redness of the scrotum or a feeling of pressure at the base of the penis.