The cardiology department at the AV Hospital provides a full range of diagnostic, consultative, and therapeutic subspecialties with progressive medical modalities and state-of-the-art equipment for patients with heart diseases.

Chronic patients with persistent cardiac conditions, such as angina pectoris, heart failure, heart arrhythmia, or other diseases receive individualized care from cardiology specialists via outpatient clinic services, the cardiac catheterization lab, or the cardiology inpatient unit.

Sophisticated catheterization treatment

The catheterization and interventional cardiology unit provides the complete range of diagnostic and treatment services for coronary disease, valve disease, and structural heart disease. Patients are treated in state-of-the-art catheterization facilities, featuring leading edge equipment, such as catheterization instruments to treat and widen blocked blood vessels, stent implants, and valve implants

Specialty cardiology treatment

  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction) treatment
  • Diagnostic coronary angiography
  • Percutaneous aortic valve replacement
  • Pacemaker implantation
  • Defibrillator implantation
  • Structural heart disease interventions
  • Coronary angioplasty
Investigative facilities include

  • Electrocardiography / ECG
  • Echocardiography
  • Treadmill / Exercise testing
  • Holter monitoring
  • 24-hour blood pressure monitoring

Common Conditions treated

Heart Attack: The heart muscle requires a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood to nourish it. The coronary arteries provide the heart with this critical blood supply. If you have coronary artery disease, those arteries become narrow and blood cannot flow as well as they should.

Symptoms of a heart attack include:

  • Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone
  • Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
  • Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)
  • Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness
  • Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeats
  • During a heart attack, symptoms last 30 minutes or longer and are not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin under the tongue.

Coronary heart disease: Heart disease is a result of plaque buildup in your coronary arteries — a condition called atherosclerosis — that leads to blockages. The arteries, which start out smooth and elastic, become narrow and rigid, restricting blood flow to the heart. The heart becomes starved of oxygen and the vital nutrients it needs to pump properly.

How Does Coronary Artery Disease Develop?

From a young age, cholesterol-laden plaque can start to deposit in the blood vessel walls. As you get older, the plaque burden builds up, inflaming the blood vessel walls and raising the risk of blood clots and heart attack. The plaques release chemicals that promote the process of healing but make the inner walls of the blood vessel sticky. Then, other substances, such as inflammatory cells, lipoproteins, and calcium that travel in your bloodstream start sticking to the inside of the vessel walls.

The Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations (irregular heart beats, skipped beats, or a “flip-flop” feeling in your chest)
  • A faster heartbeat
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating

Deep vein thrombosis: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep inside a muscle in your body. It usually happens in legs, but can also develop in your arms, chest, or other areas of your body.

And though DVT is not common, it can be dangerous. The blood clot can block your circulation or lodge in a blood vessel in your lungs, heart, or other area. The clot can cause severe organ damage and even death — within hours.

Atrial fibrillation:Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat that increases the risk of stroke and heart disease. Signs include dizziness, weakness, and fatigue. Treatment involves medication and lifestyle changes, and sometimes procedures such as cardioversion, ablation, pacemakers, or surgery.

Cardiomyopathy: In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue.

As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It’s less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias.

High blood pressure: High blood pressure is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is summarized by two measurements, systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting or relaxed between beats.

A proportion of people with high blood pressure report headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning), as well as lightheadedness, vertigo, tinnitus (buzzing or hissing in the ears), altered vision or fainting episodes. These symptoms, however, might be related to associated anxiety rather than the high blood pressure itself.

High cholesterol:Cholesterol is a type of fat in your blood. Your cells need cholesterol, and your body makes all it needs. But you also get cholesterol from the food you eat.

If you have too much cholesterol, it starts to build up in your arteries. It is usually a slow process that gets worse as you get older.

Many things can cause high cholesterol, including:

  • The foods you eat. Eating too much saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol can raise your cholesterol.
  • Being overweight.
  • Being inactive.
  • Age. Cholesterol starts to rise after age 20.
  • Family history. If family members have or had high cholesterol, you may also have it.
  • Overall health. Diseases such as hypothyroidism can raise cholesterol.

Heart failure: Heart failure means that the heart’s pumping power is weaker than normal. With heart failure, blood moves through the heart and body at a slower rate, and pressure in the heart increases.

As a result, the heart cannot pump enough oxygen and nutrients to meet the body’s needs. The chambers of the heart may respond by stretching to hold more blood to pump through the body or by becoming stiff and thickened.

What Causes Heart Failure?

  • Coronary artery disease.
  • Heart attack.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Conditions including high blood pressure, valve disease, thyroid disease, kidney disease, diabetes, or heart defects present at birth can all cause heart failure.

Palpitations: Palpitations is a term that describes the feeling that occurs when a person can feel an abnormality in the normal beating of the heart. These palpitations can be an isolated extra beat, or they can run together and last for prolonged periods of time.

Common stimulants include:

  • Caffeine;
  • Tobacco;
  • Alcohol;
  • Over-the-counter medications such as pseudoephedrine, which is found in cold preparations and some herbal medications, including ma huang;
  • Illicit drugs including: cocaine, amphetamine, pcp, and marijuana, among others, also can cause palpitations.

Angina: Angina can be described as a discomfort, heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness, squeezing, or painful feeling due to coronary heart disease. Often, it can be mistaken for indigestion.
Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may also be felt in the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw, or back.

What Causes Angina?

Angina is caused when blood flow to an area of the heart is decreased, impairing the delivery of oxygen and vital nutrients to the heart muscle cells. When this happens, the heart muscle must use alternative, less efficient forms of fuel so that it can perform its function of pumping blood to the body.

The byproduct of using this less efficient fuel is a compound called lactic acid that builds up in the muscle and causes pain. Some medications used to treat angina work by inhibiting the use of this fuel source

Coronary artery spasm: A coronary artery spasm is characterized by the tightening of muscles within the arteries of the heart. Blood can’t flow through these narrowed arteries and as a result, the heart receives less blood oxygen.

Coronary artery spasms are brief and temporary, but they can potentially lead to further heart complications. This symptom is also linked to other conditions of the heart, such as high cholesterol or hypertension.

Common symptoms may include:

  • chest pain (angina)
  • pain on the left side of your chest
  • chest tightness
  • feeling of constrictionure.

Children’s heart problems: Children can have a range of heart problems, including heart defects, heart murmurs, heart failure, arrhythmias and endocarditis

Common Childhood Heart disease Symptoms:

  • Symptoms such as heart murmur, chest pain, fainting (syncope), and abnormal heart rhythms can indicate a heart condition or may be harmless. A physician can help you find out for sure.
  • Pediatric Tests and Diagnostics: Any child who doctors suspect may have heart disease will undergo a variety of tests. Understanding how those tests work and what information they can provide can make the process less confusing for families and patients.
  • Pre-Participation Screening for Sports: Children with or without known heart disease may benefit from pre-participation screening for sports.
  • The Normal Human Heart: To understand congenital or acquired heart disease in children, it can help to first understand how a normal heart and blood circulation function.